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聽故事學4000英語詞匯127:小世界

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4000 Essential English Words 5 Paul Nation

4000英語核心詞匯5 保羅·納森

Unit 7 Word List

第7單元 單詞表

aquatic adj.

水生的

If a plant or animal is aquatic, it lives or grows in water.

指生活或成長在水中的。

→ The dolphin is an aquatic mammal.

海豚是一種水生哺乳動物。

biosphere n.

生物圈

The biosphere is the earth's surface and atmosphere where there are living things.

地球表面和大氣中有生物的地方。

→ Birds, trees, and worms all thrive in the biosphere.

鳥類、樹木和蠕蟲都在生物圈中茁壯成長。

bizarre adj.

奇異的

When something is bizarre, it is very strange.

指非常奇怪的。

→ My bizarre dreams make no sense to me when I am awake.

睡醒后我發現那個奇怪的夢對我毫無意義。

celsius n.

攝氏度

Celsius is a scale for measuring temperature.

指測量溫度的比例。

→ Water freezes at zero degrees Celsius.

零攝氏度狀態下水會結冰。

coarse adj.

粗糙的

If something is coarse, that means it has a rough texture.

有粗糙的紋理的。

→ The coarse sweater made my skin itch.

這件粗糙的毛衣使我的皮膚發癢。

companion n.

同伴

A companion is a person that someone spends a lot of time with.

一個人花很多時間在一起的人。

→ I always walk to school with my companion Frank.

我總是和我的同伴弗蘭克步行上學。

digest v.

消化

To digest means to swallow food and pass it through the body.

意思是吞下食物并進入身體。

→ Allow some time for food to be digested before going swimming.

游泳前給食物一些時間消化。

duration n.

持續

The duration of an event is the time during which it happens.

指某事發生的時間段。

→ The girls watched television for the duration of the evening.

女孩們整個晚上都在看電視。

ecology n.

生態學

Ecology is the study of the environment and living things.

研究環境與生物的學科。

→ We study ecology to learn how to help improve the Earth.

我們研究生態學是為了學習如何幫助改善地球。

feat n.

功績

A feat is an impressive or difficult achievement or action.

令人印象深刻的或困難的成就或行動。

→ The elephant's standing up on one leg was a feat.

大象能單腿站立是一項壯舉。

infinite adj.

無限的

If something is infinite, it has no limit or end.

指沒有限制或盡頭的。

→ Many scientists believe that the universe is infinite.

許多科學家認為宇宙是無限的。

nucleus n.

核心

The nucleus is the central part of an atom or cell.

原子或細胞的中心部分。

→ The nucleus is made up of many tiny particles.

原子核是由許多微小的粒子組成的。

parasite n.

寄生蟲

A parasite is a tiny animal or plant that attaches to another animal to get food.

一種微小的動物或植物,附著在另一種動物身上獲取食物。

→ The sick dog was covered in parasites.

這條病狗身上長滿了寄生蟲。

prominent adj.

突出的

When something is prominent, it is important and well known.

重要的和眾所周知的。

→ Queen Victoria was a prominent person in history.

維多利亞女王是歷史上一位杰出的人物。

repetitive adj.

重復的

When something is repetitive, it is repeated many times and becomes boring.

指重復多次以致于變得無聊的。

→ Working on an assembly line making cars every day is a repetitive job.

每天在裝配線上生產汽車是一項重復性的工作。

reproductive adj.

生殖的

If something is reproductive, it has to do with a living thing producing young.

指一種能繁殖后代的生物。

→ The reproductive system of a plant is simple.

植物的生殖系統很簡單。

temperate adj.

溫和的

When a place is temperate, it never gets too hot or cold.

指不會太熱或太冷的。

→ In Peru, the weather is temperate and rarely gets too hot or cold.

秘魯氣候溫和,很少太熱或太冷。

tolerance n.

容忍

Tolerance is the ability to accept something painful or unpleasant.

接受痛苦或不愉快的事情的能力。

→ Boxers have a high tolerance for pain.

拳擊手很耐疼痛。

undergo v.

經歷

To undergo an action means to have it happen to you.

指讓某事發生在自己身上。

→ The cancer patient undergoes treatments twice a week.

這個癌癥病人每周接受兩次治療。

vulnerable adj.

脆弱的

When someone is vulnerable, they are weak and without protection.

指弱小的、無保護的。

→ He felt very vulnerable when he was stranded in the desert.

當他被困在沙漠中時,他感到很脆弱。

Small World

小世界

Even though people can't see me, I'm an important part of Earth's biosphere. Scientists who study ecology know that I was the first life form on Earth. There is more of my kind than any other plant or animal in the world. Without me, other plants and animals would not even exist. I am a protist, and my tiny body is made up of one single cell.

雖然人們看不到我,但我是地球生物圈的重要組成部分。研究生態學的科學家知道我是地球上第一種生命形式。我的種類比世界上任何其他植物或動物都多。沒有我,其他的動植物就不會存在。我是一個原生生物,我小小的身體是由一個細胞組成的。

In my small world, things can be absolutely bizarre. Unlike most aquatic plants and animals, I don't need a temperate climate. I have a very high tolerance for extreme conditions. Right now, I'm swimming around in a bucket of boiling water! The temperature is 150 degrees Celsius, but I feel comfortable. I have coarse hairs called cilia that help me swim around in here. I move my cilia in a repetitive motion for the duration of my swim. I cannot go very fast, though. It takes me about five minutes to swim a distance of just one millimeter!

在我的小世界里,事情可能是絕對奇怪的。不像大多數水生植物和動物,我不需要溫和的氣候。我對極端情況有很強的忍耐力?,F在,我正在一桶沸水里游泳!溫度是150攝氏度,但我覺得很舒服。我有一種叫做纖毛的粗毛,可以幫助我在這里游泳。我在游泳的過程中不斷地移動我的纖毛。不過,我無法快速移動。我游一毫米的距離大約需要五分鐘!

When I get hungry, I look for tiny, vulnerable parasites. I swim up to one and swallow it whole. I digest things much like people do. I have an organ that works just like a human stomach. After I eat, I release nitrogen gas. Nitrogen is a prominent gas in the earth's atmosphere. Other plants and animals need my nitrogen to survive.

我感到饑餓的時候,就會尋找微小的、脆弱的寄生蟲。我游到一頭,把它整個吞下去。我像人一樣消化東西。我有一個像人類胃一樣工作的器官。吃完后,我釋放氮氣。氮是地球大氣中一種重要的氣體。其他植物和動物需要我的氮來生存。

My reproductive ability is my most unique trait. I don't need a companion to mate with. Instead, I undergo a process called fission, where my own nucleus splits in half. An exact copy of my nucleus is made, which forms into another protist. It really is an impressive feat. I can create an infinite number of new protists all by myself!

我最獨特之處在于我的再生能力。我不需要伴侶繁衍后代。相反,我經歷了一個叫做裂變的過程,我自己的原子核分裂成兩半。我的細胞核被復制,形成另一個原生生物。這確實是一個令人印象深刻的壯舉。我可以自己創造無數的新原生生物!

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